• In this unit we will be covering microscopes, cells and cell processes.
    The images below are taken using Mr. DuRoss' iPhone, through the microscope.  These images can help students complete the observing cells lab:
    Human cheek cells Elodea cells Onion cells  

  • For the quiz on microscopes, students should be able to:
    1. Identify the function of the following compound microscope parts:
      • nosepiece
      • diaphragm
    2. Identify the following parts of a compound microscope in a diagram
      • base
      • arm
      • coarse adjustment
      • fine adjustment
      • light source
      • diaphragm
      • stage
      • stage clips
      • body tube
      • eyepiece
      • objective lens
      • nose piece
    3. compare and contrast dissecting, compound and electron microscopes
    4. calculate the total magnification of a compound microscope 
    5. convert from micrometers to millimeters and know the abbreviation for each
    6. estimate the size of an object in a microscope if given the necessary information
    7. describe the relationship between magnification and field of view
    8. describe how the compound microscope changes the appearance and movement of the specimen

    We will be having a quiz on cell theory and cell organelles.  For the quiz students should be able to:
    • Write out three main parts of the cell theory
    • List the five levels of organization of living things from simplest to most complex
    • Identify the function of the following cell organelles:
      • endoplasmic reticulum
      • cell membrane
      • ribosomes
      • chromosomes
      • mitochondria
      • nuclear membrane
      • chloroplast
      • cell wall
      • cytoplasm
      • vacuole
      • golgi bodies
      • lysosome
    • define the term organelle
    • identify which organelles are found in plant cells and which are found in animal cells
    • label the following cell organelles in a diagram
      • cell wall
      • cell membrane
      • chloroplast
      • cytoplasm
      • vacuole
      • golgi bodies
      • nuclear membrane
      • nucleolus
      • ribosome
      • endoplasmic reticulum

    We will be having a quiz on osmosis, diffusion, photosynthesis and respiration.  For this quiz, students should be able to:
    • Compare diffusion rates in solids, liquids and gasses
    • Define the following terms:
      • permeable
      • semi-permeable
      • diffusion
      • osmosis
      • solute
      • solvent
    • Describe the result of various cells placed in different solutions
    • Summarize the setup and result of the molasses tube demonstration
    • Compare the concentration of various solutions if given the amount of solute and solvent 
    • Write out the equation for photosynthesis and respiration using chemical symbols.
    • Identify the reactants and products in a chemical equation 
    • Identify the organelle in which photosynthesis and respiration take place
    • Identify the raw materials required and material produced by each process
    • Identify when and in which types of organisms respiration and photosynthesis takes place

    Our first quarter benchmark assessment covering all of the material from this quarter is coming up.  For the benchmark students should be able to:
    • Scientific Method
      • List and define each step of the scientific method
      • Identify variables held constant, independent and dependent variables, if given an experiment
      • Identify the control and experimental groups in an experiment
    • Living Things
      • Identify a characteristic of life, if given an example
      • Compare sexual and asexual reproduction
      • define and identify examples of homeostasis
      • define spontaneous generation
      • Identify and define adaptations
      • Describe how natural selection results in changes in species over a period of time. 
    • Microscopes
      • Describe the correct process to view a specimen with a compound microscope
      • Calculate the total magnification of a compound microscope
      • Compare the field of vision of low, medium and high power
      • Identify and describe the function of the parts of a microscope
      • Measure the size of an object when viewed under a microscope
    • Cells
      • Explain Cell Theory and explain why virus' don't fit in
      • Identify cell organelles from a diagram and explain their function, including:
        • cell membrane
        • nucleus
        • mitochondria
        • vacuole
        • endoplasmic reticulum
        • chloroplast
        • cell wall
        • ribosome
      • Explain the levels of organization in living organisms from cell to organ system
    • Cells Processes
      • Explain the process of photosynthesis and respiration including:
        • reactants
        • products
        • purpose
        • organelle
        • types of organisms
      • Explain the concepts of diffusion and osmosis
      • Predict what would happen to cells in different liquids
      • Identify the parts of a solution and how to change the concentration