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     Kindergarten

    Curriculum

     

     

     

     

     

    Academic Curriculum

     

    Reading

    Reading instruction is a very important part of the kindergarten curriculum.  Our district has recently purchased a new reading program in grades K-5 called Journeys.  Journeys is aligned with the Common Core State Standards.

     

     Components of reading instruction: 

    ·     Whole group lessons  

    o    Give students foundational skills.

    o    Phonemic awareness, Phonics skills, high frequency words taught during this time. 

    ·     Guided reading lessons

    o    Students will be taught using texts at a specific reading level. 

    o    Groups are flexible and will change based on student growth. 

    o    Students will learn to use a variety of reading strategies during guided reading.

    ·     Independent reading

    o    Students become better readers by reading.

    o    During this time I will help children select "just right" texts.

     

                           

    Important Areas of Kindergarten Reading Instruction: 

     

       Phonemic awareness (the ability to discriminate sounds in words)

    o    Rhyming

    o    Identify beginning/ ending sounds

    o    Segment sounds/ syllables

    o    Blend sounds/ syllables 

      Letter recognition 

    o    Students will learn names before we learn sounds 

     Phonics

    o    Consonant and vowel sounds

    o    Blending

       Comprehension skills- taught through read alouds (including big books)

      High frequency words

    o    Commonly used words that the students must know by sight.

    o    Should be practiced at home (see list).

     Pre-decodable books

    o    Used to practice high frequency words and book handling skills.

      Decodable books

    o    Used to teach children to blend (sound out) words.

     Individual reading

    o    Students will learn to use reading strategies to read independently.  Students will be given an oral reading assessment at the end of kindergarten. 

     

     

    Handwriting

    We will use the Handwriting Without Tears program.  This is a research- based program designed to teach handwriting in a developmentally appropriate way.  The program teaches handwriting using a multi-sensory approach to engage all learning styles.      

     

    Important Features of the Program:

      Students will learn each letter using a hands-on approach including wooden stroke pieces and individual chalkboards. 

     Capital letters are taught first. Capital letters are easier for children to form.

       Letter formation is taught in a developmental sequence (not in alphabetical order). Children learn to form letters with easier strokes first. Children learn to form letters with similar strokes together allowing them to build on skills they have mastered.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Writing

    Kindergarten students will learn to write words and sentences.  We will learn about parts of a sentence and punctuation.  Students will also write independently in journals.  The children will have 3 formally assessed writing tasks.    

     

     

    Math

    Our district adopted the enVision program this year in grades K-2.  Kindergarten math instruction will focus on representing and comparing numbers.  A second important focus will be on shapes.  Lessons are organized into topics.  Each lesson will contain an interactive learning portion as well as visual learning to reach all learners.   The children will use many manipulatives and our SMART boards as we explore the topics.  Each topic will begin with a home-school connection which will explain the topic. 

     

     

    Kindergarten Math Topics: 

    -One to Five

    -Comparing and Ordering 0 to 5

    -Six to Ten

    -Comparing and Ordering Numbers 0 to 10

    -Numbers to 20

    -Numbers to 100

    -Addition

    -Subtraction

    -Composing Numbers 11-19

    -Decomposing Numbers 11-19

    -Measurement

    -Sorting,Classifying, Counting and Categorizing Data

    -Identifying and Describing Shapes

    -Position and Location of Shapes

    -Analyzing,Comparing, and Composing Shapes

     

    Science

    Our science units include:

     Properties  

      Night and Day

       Plants 

    The students will explore these topics through hands-on activities and literature. 

     

    Social Studies

    Social studies will be taught informally through Journeys read aloud books.

    We will also learn about holidays to explore other social studies concepts such as cultures, patriotism, traditions etc .

     

    Health 

    Our health curriculum will include lessons on keeping safe and keeping healthy.

        

       

     

    Kindergarten Skills

     

    Social Development

     

    Each child develops at his or her own pace. We will work on your child’s ability to act appropriately in many different social situations.  Many of these lessons happen on the spur of the moment as they do at home when the need arises.  In the setting of the classroom we will work on their ability to get along with others, accept individual differences, and make new friends.  Sharing and cooperating are important aspects of kindergarten. 

     

    Physical Development

     

    The children participate in physical education class twice in a six-day cycle.  In the classroom they will participate in activities such as:

     Singing/dancing

     Aerobics

     Playing with balls/ bean bags

    We will work on many other activities to develop their gross motor skills, rhythm and coordination.

     

    Work Habits

     

    The children will become accustomed to classroom procedures and will work to build solid work habits, responsibility, and independence.  Some of these include:

      Getting materials from cubbies and lockers

     Cleaning up table areas after work time and snack

     Taking notes and papers to and from school

     

    Emotional Development

     

    We will work to build and enhance your child’s self-esteem, confidence and willingness to participate and try new things.  Cooperative learning is encouraged.  Children will work together to solve academic and social problems.   

     

    Fine Motor Skills

     

    We will work a great deal on developing fine motor skills.  Cutting, tracing, lacing, beading and tearing are important activities to strengthen fine muscles.  Formal printing instruction is large part of our kindergarten curriculum. Holding scissors, pencils, and crayons correctly is very important.

     

    Playtime

     

    Play is an important part of a child’s social development.  Students will learn to make choices, cooperate with peers,share and clean up after themselves.