• Science Courses
     

    If you have questions regarding the Science curriculum, email Mr. Paradis (aparadis@nhart.org), Science Department Chairperson, or call him at 315-624-1214.

    The Science Department at the Senior High School includes:

    • Mr. Paradis, Chairperson
    • Mr. Bradley
    • Mrs. Gordon
    • Mrs. Johnson
    • Mr. Krol
    • Mr. McNair
    • Mrs. Noti
    • Mr. Rogan
    • Mrs. Silvestri
    • Mr. Surace

    GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

    • Students are required to complete three credits in science in order to graduate. 
    • One credit must be a life science, one credit must be a physical science, and the third credit can be either life or physical science or technology credit.
    • The third credit of science can also be fulfilled through integrated coursework at the BOCES Occupational Education Center and through the following Technology courses:
      • Design and Drawing for Production
      • Digital Electronics
      • Computer Integrated Manufacturing
      • Principles of Engineering
      • Biotechnical Engineering
    • Students must pass one Regents exam in order to graduate.
    • Students pursuing an Advanced Regents Diploma must pass two Regents exams.

     

    REGENTS COURSES 

    CREDIT

    SCHEDULE

    PREREQUISITE

    TYPE

    Living Environment/AIS    1.0    Semestered, plus two additional periods  General Earth Science Life Science 

    Living Environment Regents

    1.0

    Semestered, plus one additional period

    Earth Science

    Life Science

    AP Biology Prep Honors

    1.0

    Semestered, plus one additional period

    Earth Science; Recommend 85+ on Earth Science Regents Exam

    Life Science

    Chemistry Regents

    1.0

    Semestered, plus one additional period

    Living Environment; Geometry Concurrently

    Physical Science

    Physics Regents

    1.0

    Semestered, plus one additional period

    Living Environment; Geometry Concurrently

    Physical Science

    ADV PLACEMENT/REGENTS COURSES

     


    AP Environmental Science

    1.0  (0.5 each semester)

    Alternate day all year

    Living Environment and Chemistry or Physics Concurrently  Life Science

    AP Chemistry

    1.5 (1.0 fall & 0.5 spring)

    Semestered fall; 3 times per cycle spring

    Living Env (AP Biology Prep Recommended); Algebra 2 Concurrently; 85+ on Geometry Regents Exam
     

    Physical Science

    AP Biology

    1.0  (0.5 each semester)

    3 times per cycle in fall semester; alternate day in spring semester

    Living Env (AP Biology Prep Recommended); Chemistry

    Life Science

    AP Physics 1

    1.0  (0.5 each semester)

    3 times per cycle in fall semester; alternate day in spring semester

    Living Env.; Minimum Algebra 2 Concurrently

    Physical Science

     AP Physics 2  1.0  (0.5 each semester)  3 times per cycle in fall semester; alternate day in spring semester Successful completion of AP Physics 1 OR 90+ on the Physics Regents Exam and successful completion of Algebra 2  Physical Science

    ADDITIONAL COURSES

     


    Forensic Sci fall *

    .5

    Alternate day Fall


    Physical Science

    Forensic Sci spr*

    .5

    Alternate day Spring


    Physical Science

    Ecology (Grades 11 & 12 only)

    1.0

    Alternate day all year

    Living Environment

    Life Science

    Anatomy and Physiology  Fall*

    .5

    Alternate day Fall

    Living Environment

    Life Science

    Anatomy and Physiology Spr*

    .5

    Alternate day Spring

    Living Environment

    Life Science

    BioTech Engineering

    1.0

    Semestered

    Living Environment; Recommended DDP

     

     

    *It does not matter in what order a student completes these courses.  For example, a student can complete Forensics 2 in one year and then complete Forensics 1 in the following year.


    COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

    LIVING ENVIRONMENT/AIS

    1 unit of credit

    This course covers the fundamental life science topics. Major units include unity and diversity of living things, homeostasis, reproduction, genetics, ecology and evolution. Hands on lab experiences follow the major topics. Successful completion of the laboratory requirement must be accomplished before the Regents exam can be taken.

    This course has additional class time and is for students who did not take Regents Earth Science and need the Living Environment Regents exam to meet their graduation requirement.

     


    LIVING ENVIRONMENT REGENTS

    1 unit of credit

    This course covers the fundamental life science topics. Major units include unity and diversity of living things, homeostasis, reproduction, genetics, ecology and evolution. Hands on lab experiences follow the major topics. Successful completion of the laboratory requirement must be accomplished before the Regents exam can be taken.

    PREREQUISITE: Earth Science

     

    AP BIOLOGY PREP HONORS

    1 unit of credit

    This honors level course is fast paced and rigorous and is designed to prepare students for AP Biology. The course will cover the Living Environment Regents curriculum and additional material beyond the LE curriculum.  Additionally, this course includes some topics and lab experiences from the AP Biology course. As with all Regents coursework, there is a basic laboratory requirement.  Students will take the Living Environment Regents exam.   This course is highly recommended for students who plan on taking AP Biology.

    Prerequisite: Earth Science; Recommended 85+ Earth Science Regents Exam
     

     

    CHEMISTRY REGENTS

    1 unit of credit

    This course consists of developing and understanding the concepts and principles that explain the behavior of elements and compounds. Competence in laboratory activities, the scientific method, and critical thinking skills are developed. Chemistry background is required for nearly all engineering and technology careers, as well as all medical and health professions.  It is also strongly recommended for ALL college bound students. Successful completion of lab requirements must be accomplished before Regents examination can be taken.  A scientific calculator is required for this course.

    PREREQUISITE:  Living Environment; Geometry Concurrently

     

    PHYSICS REGENTS

    1 unit of credit

    The purpose of this course is to answer fundamental questions about how and why things in the physical world work as they do.  As such, it deals with an understanding of the relationships between matter and energy and thus is the basis for all fields of science.  The course is theoretical and requires the ability to think of physical principles in mathematical terms.  A foundation in mathematics through the Math A Regents exam is recommended but NOT required.  Successful completion of lab requirements must be accomplished before the Regents examination can be taken.  The Regents exam is the final exam for this course.

    PREREQUISITE: Living Environment; Geometry Concurrently

     

    AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

    1 unit of credit  (0.5 each semester)

    Students enrolled in this course are required to take the accompanying Advanced Placement Exam in May.

    AP Environmental Science course is designed  to provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them.  It embraces a wide variety of topics from different areas of study. The following themes are included in the course: science is a process; energy conversions underlie all ecological processes; the Earth itself is one interconnected system;humans alter natural systems; environmental problems have a cultural and social context; human survival depends on developing practices that will achieve sustainable systems.

    PREREQUISITE:  Living Environment and Chemistry or Physics Concurrently

     

     

     

    AP CHEMISTRY

    1.5 units of credit  (1.0 fall & 0.5 spring)

    Students enrolled in this course are required to take the accompanying Advanced Placement Exam in May.

    This course is designed to be the equivalent of the General Chemistry course usually taken during the first year of college.  For some students, this course enables them to take second-year work in the chemistry sequence during their freshman year in college or to register in courses in other fields where General Chemistry is a prerequisite.  Topics such as the structure of matter, kinetic theory of gases, stoichiometric relationships, chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics, and thermodynamics are presented in considerable depth.  It is assumed that the student will spend at least five hours a week in unsupervised individual study. A lab is required. Following the completion of the AP Exam in May, students will continue to prepare for the Regents Exam in Chemistry.

    PREREQUISITE:  Living Environment; AP Bio Prep Recommended; Algebra 2 Concurrently; 85+ on Geometry Regents Exam

     

    AP BIOLOGY

    1 unit of credit  (0.5 each semester)

    Students enrolled in this course are required to take the accompanying Advanced Placement Exam in May. 

    This is a fourth year of science for accelerated science students.  Like most biological fields today, this course is highly molecular in approach. A thorough grounding in basic chemistry is essential for being successful in this course. Much of the first semester covers content that is chemical or molecular in nature. Additionally, it is assumed that prior knowledge from the AP Biology Prep Honors course is retained by the student, especially in animal body systems, cell structure, Mendelian genetics, and ecology. The course is taught at a college freshman level and is rigorous, requiring a major investment of time outside of the classroom. There is an Independent Taxonomy Assignment during the second semester. AP Lab activities are integrated into the course and will emphasize the fundamental skills and techniques necessary for success in college biology courses. College credit may be granted by the college at which the student matriculates, depending upon test results and the policies of that college. 

    PREREQUISITE:   Living Environment; AP Bio Prep recommended; Chemistry

     

    AP PHYSICS 1

    1 unit of credit  (0.5 each semester)

    Students enrolled in this course are required to take the accompanying Advanced Placement Exam in May.

    AP Physics 1 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits. Through inquiry based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills.  The course is based on six Big Ideas, which encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about the physical world. A grade of 3 or better on the AP exam may offer the opportunity to bypass the preliminary physics course when attending college.   This course is offered to students in grades 11 & 12

    PREREQUISITE:    Living Env.; Algebra 2 completed or concurrent

     

    AP PHYSICS 2 

    1 unit of credit  (0.5 each semester)

    Students enrolled in this course are required to take the accompanying Advanced Placement Exam in May.

    AP Physics 2 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as fluid statics and dynamics; thermodynamics with kinetic theory; PV diagrams and probability; electrostatics; electrical circuits with capacitors; magnetic fields; electromagnetism; physical and geometric optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills.  The course is based on seven Big Ideas, which encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about the physical world. This course is offered to students in grades 11 & 12

     


    PREREQUISITE:    Successful completion of AP Physics 1 OR 90+ on the Physics Regents Exam and successful completion of Algebra 2

     

     

    FORENSIC SCI FALL (Fall Semester)

    1/2 unit of credit

    With the Chemistry core curriculum as the foundation, students will study the science behind solving crimes.  This is a hands-on course in which general science principles will be discussed.  This is a non-mathematical based course.  The types of topics in this course include: Introduction/The Crime Scene; Fingerprint Analysis; Trace Evidence; Hair and Fiber Analysis; Forensic Serology (Blood Analysis); Documentation/Handwriting Analysis.

     

    FORENSIC SCI SPR (Spring Semester) 

    1/2 unit of credit

    With the Chemistry core curriculum as the foundation, students will study the science behind solving crimes. This is a hands-on course in which general science principles will be discussed. This is a non-mathematical based course. The types of topics in this course include: The Analysis of Glass; Forensic Toxicology; Impressions and Odontology; Forensics Entomology; DNA; Anthropology; Forensics Arson Analysis.

     

    ECOLOGY

    1 unit of credit

    This course is an elective open to Juniors and Seniors that have passed Living Environment.  Through the study of living and non-living factors and the interactions that occur in natural systems, students will gain an appreciation for the diversity and complexity of the world around them.  This course is grounded in fieldwork and lab activities.  As such regular attendance is required for academic success.  The outdoor education program at Raquette Lake is an integral part of this fieldwork.  There will be one trip in the Autumn and one in the Winter.  Participation in one of these field trips is an expectation but not a requirement.  The cost for the trip is normally over $130.  This course is offered to students in grades 11 & 12

    PREREQUISITE:   Living Environment
     

     

    ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Fall (Fall Semester)

    1/2 unit of credit 

    This is a general survey course of the Human Body.  The course focuses on the structures and function of tissues, organs and organ systems of the human body.  Because of their importance in anatomical development, some dysfunctions and their causes will also be studied.  The level of the material to be learned requires some precious knowledge of biological systems and their development.  Numerous hands-on activities are used to reinforce concepts and material covered in class.  Topics covered in the fall consist of an Overview of Anatomy and Physiology, Cell and Tissues, Skin and Body Membranes, Skeletal System, Muscular System, and Nervous System.

    PREREQUISITE: Living Environment

     

    ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Spr (Spring Semester)

    1/2 unit of credit

    This course is a general survey course of the Human Body.  The course focuses on the structures and function of tissues, organs and organ systems of the human body.  Because of their importance in anatomical development, some dysfunctions and their causes will also be studied.  The level of the material to be learned requires some precious knowledge of biological systems and their development.  Numerous hands-on activities are used to reinforce concepts and material covered in class. Topics covered in the spring consist of Special Senses, Endocrine System, Blood, Cardiovascular System, Lymphatic System and Body Defenses, Respiratory System, Digestive System and Body Metabolism, Urinary System, and Human Reproduction and Development.

    PREREQUISITE: Living Environment

     

    BIOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING

    1 unit of credit

    Students are exposed to the diverse fields of bio-technology including genetic engineering, prosthetic joint design, heart valve design, genetics, bioremediation, bio-process engineering, agricultural engineering, biofuel production, bioethics and forensic technology.  This course emphasizes group learning in a fun and productive setting.  Anyone considering a career in medicine, engineering or any science field will benefit from this course.

    PREREQUISITE: Living Environment; It is highly recommended that students complete DDP prior to enrolling in this course.